Blood pressure (BP)
Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. Used without further specification, “blood pressure” usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heart beat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heart beats) and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure (considered to be zero for convenience).
What is a normal blood pressure reading?
The ideal blood pressure should be below 120 and over 80 (120/80) and most UK adults have blood pressure in the range 120 over 80 (120/80) to 140 over 90 (140/90).
What is a high blood pressure?
High blood pressure (or hypertension) is diagnosed when your blood pressure readings are consistently at 140 over 90, or higher, over several weeks. You may also have high blood pressure if just one of the numbers is higher than it should be.
Risk factor for high blood pressure?
There are many risk factors for high blood pressure. Some you cannot change, such as family history or age. However, some risk factors are within your control, such as diet and exercise. Talk to your doctor about taking steps to reduce your risk factors.
Risk factors include:
- age (blood pressure usually increases with age)
- excessive alcohol consumption
- lack of exercise
Changes are easy
“Simple changes such as eating less salt, losing weight, eating more fruit and vegetables and taking exercise have been proven to reduce blood pressure and lower your risk of having a stroke or a heart attack.
Lifestyle Changes to Treat High Blood Pressure
- Losing weight if you are overweight or obese
- Quitting smoking
- Eating a healthy diet, including the DASH diet (eating more fruits, vegetables, and low fat dairy products, less saturated and total fat)
- Getting regular aerobic exercise (such as brisk walking at least 30 minutes a day, several days a week)
- Limiting alcohol to two drinks a day for men, one drink a day for women.
Diagnosis and Treatment
As diagnosis is based on blood pressure readings, this condition can go undetected for years, because symptoms do not usually appear until the body is damaged from chronic high blood pressure..
- Light-headedness, when standing from a sitting or lying position
- High blood pressure are most important treatment are relax,stress free,sleep etc… are normal to high blood pressure & B.C.M (Blood circulatory system) are used to high blood pressure & relief for 15 minutes.
If your blood pressure is too high (hypertension), you may be at greater risk of certain diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. The ideal blood pressure for adults is between 90/60 and 120/80mmHg.
Low blood pressure might seem desirable, and for some people, it causes no problems. However, for many people, abnormally low blood pressure (hypotension) can cause dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening.
For some people, low blood pressure signals an underlying problem, especially when it drops suddenly or is accompanied by signs and symptoms such as:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Fainting (syncope)
- Blurred vision
Slightly elevated blood pressure
The doctor may suggest some lifestyle changes if blood pressure is only slightly elevated and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease considered to be small.
The effects of marijuana on blood pressure is complex.The best approach for those concerned about blood pressure is to take and record several blood pressure readings, before, immediately after, and several hours after smoking marijuana to make sure it isn’t causing high blood pressure or seeing what strains and patterns of intake may help to lower blood pressure.
Studies have revealed that even moderate weight loss – just ten pounds – can have a significant impact in lowering elevated blood pressure.
Effects of Caffeine on Your Health
Caffeine is a natural stimulant and can change how you think and feel. It causes acute changes by stimulating your central nervous system, typically leading to improved focus, alertness, and awareness.
- Eating a heart-healthy diet with less salt
- Getting regular physical activity
- Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight if you’re overweight or obese
- Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink
Low blood pressure are used to coffee & medicine(plz are consult to doctor)without medicine are relief to used are machine (health are all problem to circulation of blood to our body).