Where does Lung Cancer Spread to First?

Chest Cancer

What is Lung Cancer?

The lungs are located in the chest and enable us to breathe. When we breathe in, air goes through our nose, down our windpipe (trachea), and into the lungs, where it spreads through tubes called bronchi. Oxygen from the air that we breathe can then pass into the blood and to the rest of the body to allow the body to function normally.

Cancer is a word that describes a wide range of similar diseases. There are over 100 different types of cancer, but they all have a lot in common. Primarily, all cancers are an extreme growth of abnormal cells that your body can’t stop or destroy.

Health Care offers a wide range of advanced treatment options for:

  • Lung cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Tumors of the mediastinum, including thymomas and germ cell tumors
  • Chest wall tumors
  • Cancers that have metastasized (spread) to the lungs
  • Pleural mesothelioma

Conditions We Treat: Chest Wall Tumors

Chest wall tumors are rare. Some tumors are cancerous, while others are noncancerous. Our doctors use advanced imaging tests to monitor and diagnose chest wall tumors that are problematic. We offer every treatment option available for chest wall tumors. From surgical resection and reconstruction to combination chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery.

Chest Cancer


Women respond better to mesothelioma treatments than men and live longer. Almost half of all women with the disease (regardless of other factors) live for a year after diagnosis and more than 10 percent live for a decade.

Chest Wall Cancer

Comprising less than five percent of all thoracic malignancies, cancers of the chest wall are rare and difficult to treat. Chest wall tumors can develop in the bones, soft tissues and cartilage of the chest cavity, which contains the heart, lungs and other organs. These tumors typically involve invasion or have metastasized from adjacent thoracic tumors, and are malignant in more than half of cases.

Causes and risk factors

The causes of breast cancer are not known. However, it is known which women are more at risk of developing the condition. The main risk factors for developing breast cancer are:

  • Being a woman over the age of 40 years
  • Having a family history of breast cancer – the younger the family member was when they developed breast cancer, the greater the risk
  • Having had breast cancer previously
  • Having had a biopsy showing an “at risk” breast lump or thickening


The American Cancer Society has a Cancer Glossary, which can be used to explain cancer-related words more clearly.

Aims and scope

Breast Cancer Research is an international, peer-reviewed online journal, publishing original research, reviews, editorials and reports. Open access research articles of exceptional interest are published in all areas of biology and medicine relevant to breast cancer, including normal mammary gland biology, with special emphasis on the genetic, biochemical, and cellular basis of breast cancer.

Signs and symptoms

Most commonly, the first sign of breast cancer is a new lump in the breast. The lump is usually painless. Other signs of breast cancer include:

  • A new area of thickened tissue in the breast
  • Nipple discharge or a change in the nipple
  • Dimpling or puckering of the skin of the breast
  • A change in breast size or shape

Give their lives back

Breast Cancer Now said around a third of women who have a mastectomy every year in England choose to have breast reconstruction – about 3,500 – either straight away or after a delay.

Our Treatments

We provide patients with coordinated, fully integrated care that puts your unique health needs first. Our doctors work together to design you the most effective, least invasive treatment plan possible.

Cell Type

Mesothelioma research shows that the type of cancer cells also influence patient results. Epithelial cells, which protect and surround organs, form tumors and are easier to identify and remove with surgery.

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