What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough—or any—insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.
Sugar is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having pre-diabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Quick Overview
- excessive thirst,
- excessive hunger,
- weight loss,
- excessive urination.
- maintaining a healthy weight,
- sustaining a healthy lifestyle.
Common symptoms include:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Excessive thirst or hunger
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and/or vomiting
The onset of these symptoms may be gradual or sudden. Generally, over time, they persist to the point that the patient seeks medical advice. It is then that diabetes is diagnosed. Diabetes can only be diagnosed by a healthcare provider. If you think you may have diabetes, you should seek urgent medical evaluation.
Common types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes– this is caused by insulin deficiency. It often starts in childhood and can appear with little warning. Approximately 10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes – is the most common type of diabetes affecting about 90% of all people with diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, the main problem is insulin resistance, although insulin deficiency can also develop. Approximately 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
It’s closely linked with:
- being overweight, especially if you carry weight around your middle
- being physically inactive
- a family history of type 2 diabetes.
What causes diabetes?
Researchers do not know the exact causes of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Researchers do know that inheriting certain genes from your family can raise your risk for developing diabetes. Obesity is also a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Smoking can also cause type 2 diabetes. And the more you smoke the higher your risk for type 2 diabetes and other serious health problems if you already have diabetes.
Weight loss can help control type 2 diabetes so that you are healthier. Quitting smoking can also help you control your blood sugar levels. Being a healthy weight and not smoking can help all women be healthier.
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women. After childbirth, the mother may go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
Although diabetes can’t be cured, you can still live a long and healthy life. The single most important thing you can do is control your blood sugar level. You can do this by eating right, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and, if needed, taking oral medicines or insulin.
Diet. Your diet should include lots of complex carbohydrates (such as whole grains), fruits, and vegetables. It’s important to eat at least 3 meals per day and never skip a meal. Eat at about the same time every day.
Exercise. Exercising helps your body use insulin and lower your blood sugar level. It also helps control your weight, gives you more energy, and is good for your overall health.
Maintain a healthy weight. Losing excess weight and maintaining a healthy body weight will help you in 2 ways.
Living with diabetes
You can live a normal life with well-controlled diabetes. However, you have to pay attention to your diet, weight, exercise, and medicine. If you don’t control your diabetes, you will have too much glucose in your blood. This can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and damage to the nerves and kidneys. These are known as diabetic complications.
Balanced diabetes treatments
A variety of different factors have a role to play in treating diabetes, but the importance of balanced, coordinated diabetes treatment for all diabetics cannot be underestimated.
Remove These Foods to Reverse Diabetes Naturally
Certain foods negatively affect your blood sugar levels, cause inflammation and trigger immune responses. To reverse diabetes naturally, the first step is to remove these foods from your diet:
- Refined sugar
- Conventional cow’s milk
- GMO foods
- Hydrogenated oils
Diet and exercise
All diabetes patients are put on diets designed to help them reach and maintain normal body weight, and they often are encouraged to exercise regularly, which enhances the movement of glucose into muscle cells and blunts the rise in blood glucose that follows carbohydrate ingestion. Patients are encouraged to follow a diet that is relatively low in fat and contains adequate amounts of protein. In practice, about 30 percent of calories should come from fat, 20 percent from protein, and the remainder from carbohydrates, preferably from complex carbohydrates rather than simple sugars.