What is Diarrhoea?
Diarrhoea should be separated from four other conditions. Although these conditions may occur with diarrhoea, there are often different causes and different treatments compared to diarrhoea. These are the other conditions:
The frequency of bowel movements or deficiency in the form of stool (lack of looseness of the stool) is lacking. Although changes in the frequency of bowel movements and laxity of stool may vary independently from each other, changes often occur in both.
Stomach discomfort, which is the inability to delay (delay) the control of bowel movements for a reasonable time, for example, unless a toilet takes place
Rectal urgency, which urgently invites a bowel movement which is so strong that if the toilet is not immediately available then there will be discontent.
Incomplete clearance, which is a sensation, that another bowel movement is necessary immediately after an intestinal movement, still there is difficulty in passing the stool for the second time.
What is a cause of diarrhoea?
Diarrhoea can be defined in whole or relative conditions on the basis of bowel movements or frequency of stool (looseness) of secretion.
The frequency of bowel movements: Full diarrhoea consists of more than the normal bowel movement. Thus, as the number of maximum daily bowel movements of healthy individuals is approximately three, diarrhoea can be defined as more than three stools, although some five or more bowel movements consider diarrhoea. “Relative diarrhoea” has more bowel movement than usual.
Stability of the stool: It is more difficult to define complete stools on the stability of stools because the stability of the stool can be quite different in healthy individuals depending on their diet. Thus, people who eat vegetables in large quantities, they will have a weak strain compared to some vegetables and/or people eating fruits. Liquid or water faeces are always abnormal and diarrhoea is considered. Depending on the stability of the stool, it is easy to define related diarrhoea.
Why does Diarrhoea develop?
With diarrhoea, stools are usually weak, whether or not the frequency of bowel movements increases. This looseness of sewage – which can vary from slightly soft to water all the way – due to the increase in water in the stool. During normal digestion, the stomach is kept liquid from the stomach, upper small intestine, pancreatic and gallbladder in large amounts of water. The food which does not digest reaches the small intestine and colon liquid form. The lower small intestine and especially the colon absorb water, transforms raw food into less or less solid stools in the form of. An increased amount of water in the stool can occur when the stomach and/or small intestine spray too much fluid, the small intestine and the colonels do not absorb enough water, or unwanted, liquid food is very small intestine and colon The water passes very quickly, the water should be removed.
Fast facts on diarrhoea
Here are some important points about diarrhoea. This article has more information and helpful information in the body.
- Most cases of diarrhoea are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites.
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, can be chronic diarrhoea.
- Antidiarial medicines can reduce the production of diarrhoea and zinc supplements are effective in children.
- Some nutrition and probiotics interventions can help prevent diarrhoea.
In most cases of diarrhoea, there is the infection in the gastrointestinal tract. The micro-organisms responsible for this infection include:
The most commonly recognized causes of acute diarrhoea in the United States are bacteria salmonella, campylobacter, shigella, and Shiga-toxic-producing Escherichia col.
Some cases of chronic diarrhoea are called “functional” because a clear reason is not found. In the developed world, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common cause of functional diarrhoea.
Other major causes of chronic diarrhoea include:
Microscopy Colitis: It is frequent diarrhoea which usually affects elderly adults during the night.
Malabsorptive and maldigestive diarrhoea: The first is due to poor nutrient absorption, second by the second digestive system. Celiac disease is an example.
Chronic infection: The history of travel or antibiotic use may be an indication of chronic diarrhoea. Different bacteria and parasites can cause.
Drug-induced motions: Activists and other medicines, including antibiotics, may trigger diarrhoea.
Endocrine causes: Sometimes hormonal factors cause diarrhoea, for example, in the case of adenosis and cancerous tumours.
Causes of cancer: Neoplastic diarrhoea is associated with many intestinal cancers.
Light cases of acute diarrhoea can be solved without treatment. Continuous or chronic diarrhoea will be diagnosed and any underlying causes will be treated in addition to the symptoms of diarrhoea.
For all cases of diarrhoea, the dehydration key is:
Floods can be replaced by drinking excess fluid, or in severe cases, they can be acquired unknowingly. Children and the elderly are more sensitive to dehydration.
Oral rehydration solution or salts (ORS) refers to water which contains salt and glucose. It is absorbed from the small intestine to replace lost water and electrolytes in the stool. In developing countries, the cost of the ORS is only a few cents. The World Health Organization (WHO) says that the ORS can treat safely and effectively in 90% of cases of non-serious diarrhoea.
Over-the-counter (OTC) antidiarrheal drugs are also available:
Loperamide, or sodium, is an anti metallic drug that reduces the stool tract. Both Loperamide and Immodium are available for over-the-counter or online purchase.
Bismuth Sabalassislet, for example, reduces the production of Pepto-Bismol, diarrhoea in adults and children. It can also be used to prevent passenger diarrhoea. Over-the-counter can be purchased online as well.
Antibiotics are used only to treat diarrhoea due to bacterial infection. If the cause is a definite drug, it may be possible to switch to another medication.
The nutritionists of Stanford Health Care give some nutritional recommendations for diarrhoea:
- Clear sugar, fluid such as fruit juices without extra sugar.
- After each loose stool, replace the lost fluid with at least one cup of liquid.
- Do not drink during the meal, mostly between drinking.
- Consume high potassium foods and liquids, such as diluted fruit juice, potato without skin, and bananas.
- Consume high sodium foods and liquids, such as broth, soup, sports drinks, and salted crackers.
There is mixed evidence for the role of probiotics in diarrhoea. They can help stop a traveller’s diarrhoea. In children, there is evidence that they can reduce diarrhoea for 1 day.
Antibiotic-related diarrhoea can be reduced by using probiotics, as there may be diarrhoea associated with Clostridium difficile, though the evidence is mixed.
People should ask their doctor for advice because there are many strains. The most commonly studied stress for antibiotic-related diarrhoea is the proctiotic, which is based on Lactobacillus Ramones and Scychromai’s Ballard.
The diarrhoea is referred to as the sewage of water, but it can also occur with other symptoms.
Diarrhoea is a symptom of other conditions, some of which can be serious.
Other possible symptoms are:
- Blood or pulse in the stool
- Persistent vomiting
There are two potentially serious complications of diarrhoea:
Dehydration with acute or chronic diarrhoea
Malabsorption with chronic diarrhoea
Diarrhoea may also indicate a wide range of underlying chronic conditions. To prevent further problems, these conditions need to be diagnosed.
Tests & Diagnosis
The doctor will ask about symptoms and any current medicines, past medical history and other medical conditions.
They will also ask:
When the problem started
How many times are stools
Does the ointment exists in the stool
What is vomiting
Whether the sewage is full of watery, mucous-or pulp, and how much stool.
Doctors will also see signs of dehydration.
If treatment with rehydration therapy is not given immediately, serious dehydration can be fatal.
Due to dirty water and poor hygiene in developing countries, prevention of diarrhoea can be more challenging.
The following can help prevent diarrhoea.
Clean and safe drinking water
Good hygiene system, for example, wastewater and sewage
After handwashing with soap after handwashing, well sanitary practices, after disposing of a child’s stool, before preparing food, and before eating.