What is a Hernia?
A hernia occurs when an organ gets pushed through the muscle or opening in the tissue, which keeps it in place. For example, the gut can break through the belly wall through a weak area.
Hernias are the most common in the stomach, but they can also appear in upper thighs, belly buttons and gron areas. Most hernia do not immediately put life in danger, but they do not go away from themselves. Occasionally they may need surgery to prevent dangerous complications.
Normal hernia type
Ingnative hernia is the most common type of hernia. According to the British hernia center (BHC), they make up about 70 percent of all hernia. These hernia occur when the intestines come through weak areas or tear down the lower abdominal wall, often in the engine canal.
The engineering canal is found in your grobine. In men, this is the area where the sperm cord goes from scratch to the scratch. It holds chord tentacles. In women, there is a ligament in the engine canal which helps in keeping the uterus in place.
This type of hernia is more common in men than in women. This is because soon after birth, the testicles of the human beings come out of the canal, and the canal has to be closed almost completely. Occasionally, the canal does not close properly and leaves a weak area prone to hernia.
A hothal hernia occurs when the part of your stomach spreads through your diaphragm to your chest cavity. Diaphragm is a sheet of muscles that helps you in breathing by contracting and air in the lungs. It separates the organs in your stomach from those who are in your chest.
This type of hernia is the most common among people over 50 years of age. If there is a condition of a child, then it is usually due to birth defects. Highital hernias almost always cause gastroesophageal reflux, which occurs when the contents of the stomach retreat in the esophagus, causing a burning sensation.
Children and children under 6 months of age may have bisexual hernia. This happens when their intestines flows through the abdominal wall through the stomach wall. You can see a sediment in or near your child’s PetButton, especially when they are crying.
A vascular hernia is the only type that often goes away from itself because the stomach wall muscles are strengthened, usually when the child is 1 year old. If hernia has not gone away from this point, then surgery can be used to fix it.
After abdominal surgery, there may be accidental hernia. Your gut can push the incision through scar or weak tissue.
What causes a Hernia?
Hernia muscles are due to a combination of weakness and stress. Depending on the reason for this, a hernia may develop rapidly or longer.
Common causes of muscle weakness include:
Failure of abdominal wall to stop properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
Damage from injury or surgery
Factors that suppress your body and cause a hernia, especially if your muscles are weak, then include:
Being pregnant, which puts pressure on your stomach
Constipation is happening, so that you can cause stress while bowel movement
Heavy weight lifting
Stomach fluid, or ascites
Sudden weight is increasing
Persistent cough or sneezing
Do I Have Risk for Hernia?
Factors that increase your risk of developing a hernia include:
A personal or family history of hernia
Overweight or obesity
An old cough
Smoking, which can trigger an old cough
Conditions such as cystic fibrosis may also increase your risk of developing hernia indirectly. Cystic fibrosis reduces the function of lungs, which causes chronic cough.
What are the symptoms of a Hernia?
The most common symptom of a hernia is a bounce or lump in the affected area. In the case of an engineering hernia, you can see a lump on both sides of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh get.
When you stand, bend, or cough, you are more likely to feel your hernia through touch.
If your child has hernia, you will only feel the bulge while crying. A bulge is usually the only symptom of an umbilical hernia.
Other common symptoms of an engineering hernia include:
Pain or discomfort in the affected area (usually lower abdomen), especially when bending, coughing, or lifting
Feeling of weakness, pressure, or heaviness in the stomach
A flammable, gurgling, or painful sensation on Bulge’s site
Other symptoms of a highland hernia include:
Acid reflux, which occurs when the stomach acid retrets into aerophagus, which causes a burning sensation
Pain in chest
In some cases, there are no symptoms of hernia. You may not know that you have hernia unless it appears for an unrelated problem during a regular physical or medical examination.
How is a Hernia Diagnosed?
Ingninal or incisional hernia is usually diagnosed through physical examination. Your doctor may feel for a bulge in your stomach or throat who becomes standing, grow during cough or stress.
If you have highital hernia, your doctor can diagnose it with barium X-rays or endoscopy.
A barium X-ray is a series of X-ray images of your digestive system. The images are recorded when you drink a liquid solution containing barium, which is well-visible on the X-ray images.
An endoscopy involves threading a small camera attached to a tube under your throat and your esophagus and stomach.
These tests allow both your doctor to see the intestinal space of your stomach.
If your child has an umbilical hernia, then your doctor can do ultrasound. An ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of structures inside the body.
Treatment options for a hernia
Whether you need treatment or not depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms. Perhaps your doctor may monitor your hernia for complex complications. Treatment options for a hernia include lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery.
Change in lifestyle
Dietary changes can often cure symptoms of a highland hernia, but hernia will not go away. Avoid large or heavy food, do not lie or bow down after food, and keep your body weight in healthy range.
Some practice hernia can help strengthen the muscles around the site, which can reduce some symptoms. However, practicing exercises can inadvertently increase pressure in that area and in fact can cause hernia to grow more. It is best to discuss that what to practice and what to do with your doctor or physical therapist.
If you have highland hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medicines which reduce stomach acids can get rid of your inconvenience and improve symptoms. These include antacids, H-2 receptor blockers, and proton pump inhibitors.
If your hernia is getting big or getting hurt, then your doctor can decide that it is best to operate. During your surgery, your doctor can repair your hernia by stitching the hole in the stomach wall. It is usually done by patching the hole with the surgical trap.
Harijas can be repaired with open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery only uses a small camera and uses a few small things to reduce the surgical device to repair hernia. Laparoscopic surgery is less harmful to surrounding tissues.
A long recovery procedure is required for open surgery. You may be unable to rotate normally for six weeks. Laparoscopic surgery involves very little recovery time, but there is a greater risk of your hernia reoccursing.