What is swine flu?
Swine flu, also known as the H1N1 virus, is a new strain of influenza virus that produces similar symptoms of regular flu. It is born in pigs but has spread mainly from person to person.
In 2009, swine flu made headlines when it was first discovered in humans and became epidemic. Epidemics are infectious diseases affecting people all over the world or on many continents at the same time.
How do people catch it?
While humans usually do not catch it, they can contract with the virus, usually, if they are in close contact with pigs. It is possible for humans to pass it to each other and experts believe that it spreads in the form of seasonal flu – through coughing and sneezing.
Why swine flu is dangerous … Precautions to avoid this
Swine Influenza influenza A is a respiratory disease due to the H1N1 virus. But now, some people in the US have been infected with this disease. The outbreak in Mexico began and now there are people’s reports in different countries infected with swine flu. This disease is highly contagious, and the virus can easily spread to others through a cough or sneezing of an infected person. Since this disease is viral, therefore it has the potential to become pandemic, which is the main cause of anxiety.
How dangerous is it?
In Mexico, more than 80 people have died, and many more are sick, although cases have been reported in the US and New Zealand. However, tests have shown that antiviral drugs appear to be effective.
What are the symptoms?
Swine flu produces similar symptoms of other types of viruses. They include a sudden temperature of 38 C; Muscle or joint pain; a headache; A walking or blocked nose, and feeling tired.
What is the incubation period for swine flu?
The incubation period for swine flu is approximately one to four days, on average, two days; In some people, the incubation period can be up to seven days in adults and children.
What is the infectious period for swine flu?
Invasive periods for swine influenza in adults usually start before one day develops symptoms in adults and it lasts approximately five to seven days after getting sick. However, children and children with weakened immune systems may be infected for a long time (for example, about 10 to 14 days).
What is a pandemic?
If the flu is spread in a broad geographic area and affects the large proportion of the population, then it becomes beyond a pandemic and becomes epidemic.
Swine Flu Diagnosis
Your doctor can diagnose your body with a fluid sample. To sample, your doctor or nurse can rotate your nose or throat.
A swab will be analyzed using different genetic and laboratory techniques to identify specific types of viruses.
Attitudes for swine flu
Severe cases of swine flu can be fatal. In most fatal cases, there are people with underlying chronic medical conditions like HIV or AIDS. Most people with swine flu recover and hope for normal life expectancy.
Preventing swine flu
The best way to stop swine flu is to get an annual flu vaccination. Other easy ways to prevent swine flu include:
Often wash hands with soap or hand sanitizer
Do not touch your nose, mouth or eyes (Virus can survive on surfaces like telephone and tablet.)
If you are sick then stay home from work or school
Avoid large gatherings when swine flu is in season
It is important to follow any public health recommendations about avoiding crowds during school closure or flu season. These recommendations may come from CDC, WHO, the National Institute of Health, or other government public health institutions.
What type of healthcare do you treat for swine flu?
Almost all complex patients with swine flu can be treated at home or by a patient’s paediatrician, primary care provider, or emergency medicine practitioner. For more complex and/or serious swine flu infections, experts such as important care specialists, lung experts (pulmonologists), and infectious disease specialists can be consulted.