What are peptic ulcers?
There are peptic ulcer lesions that develop in the stomach lining, less oesophagus or small intestine. They are usually bacterial H. Due to swelling due to pillars, as well as decay from stomach acid. A peptic ulcer is a fairly common health problem.
There are three types of peptic ulcers:
- Gastric ulcer: Ulcers that develop inside the stomach
- Oesophagal ulcer: Ulcers that develop inside the oesophagus
- Duodenal ulcer: Ulcer which develops in the upper part of the small intestine, which is called a duodenum.
Due to peptic ulcer
Different factors can cause stomach, oesophagus, and small intestine to break. Contains:
Helicobacter pillory (H. pillory), a type of bacteria that can cause stomach infections and swelling
Continuous use of Aspirin (Bayer), Ibuprofen (Advil), and other anti-inflammatory drugs (the risks associated with this behaviour among women and people over 60 years of age)
- Drink too much alcohol
- radiation therapy
Symptoms of peptic ulcer
The most common symptom of peptic ulcer is burning abdominal pain, which spread from navel to chest, which can range from light to severe. In some cases, the pain can wake you at night. Small peptic ulcers cannot produce any symptoms in early stages.
Other common symptoms of a peptic ulcer include:
- Change in appetite
- Bloody or dark stool
- Ambiguous weight loss
- Upper endoscopy
In this process, your doctor puts a long tube under your throat and a camera in your stomach and small intestine to examine the area for the ulcer. This tool also allows your doctor to remove tissue samples for examination.
All cases do not require upper endoscopy. However, this process is recommended for people with high risk of stomach cancer. In addition to those over 45 years of age, people who experience:
- Weight event
- gastrointestinal bleeding
- Upper gi
If you do not have difficulty in swallowing and there is less risk of colon cancer, then your doctor may recommend a higher GI test instead. For this process, you will drink a thick liquid called barium (barium swallow). Then a technician will take your stomach, oesophagus and X-ray of the small intestine. Liquid makes it possible for your doctor to see and treat ulcers.
How to treat a peptic ulcer
Treatment will depend on the underlying cause of your ulcer. If tests show that you have H. If the pillory is infections, then your doctor will determine the combination of the drug. You have to take medicines for two weeks. Antibiotics are used to help in reducing acid in the stomach, infections in drugs and helping to kill proton pump inhibitors (PPI).
You can experience minor side effects like diarrhoea or disliked stomach with antibiotic regimens. If these side effects have significant discomforts or are not better with time, talk to your doctor.
Complications of a peptic ulcer
Untreated ulcers may get worse over time. They can cause other serious health complications such as:
Punching: A hole develops in the stomach or small intestine and causes infection. The sign of perforated ulcer is sudden, severe stomach ache.
Internal bleeding: As a result of bleeding ulcers, significant blood loss may occur and thus hospitalization is required. Symptoms of bleeding ulcers include light head, dizziness and black stools.
Scar tissue: It is thick tissue that develops after the injury. This tissue makes food difficult to pass through your digestive system. Symptoms of scar tissue include vomiting and weight loss.
Attitudes for peptic ulcer
With proper treatment, most peptic ulcers are cured. However, if you stop using your medicine early or you continue to use tobacco, alcohol and non-stellar pain relief during treatment, then you can not be cured. After your initial treatment to evaluate your recovery, your doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment.
Some ulcers, which are called refractive ulcers, are not cured with treatment. If your ulcer is not cured by the initial treatment, then it can indicate:
- Excessive production of stomach acid
- H. in the stomach Presence of bacteria apart from the pillory
- How to prevent peptic ulcer
Some lifestyle choices and habits can reduce your risk of developing the peptic ulcer. Contains:
- Do not drink more than two alcoholic beverages a day
- Do not mix alcohol with medication
- Often wash your hands to avoid infection
- Limiting the use of ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen (Elevation)