Stomach or gastric cancer is a disease in which cancer cells form in the lining of the stomach. The wall of the stomach is made up of three layers of tissue: the mucosal layer, the muscularis layer, and the serosal layer.The tissue type of stomach cancer is determined with a microscope. Most stomach cancers, up to 95 per cent, are so-called adenocarcinomas that originate in glandular tissue.Stomach or gastric cancer develops when a tumor grows in the stomach. Stomach cancer can be serious and is a common cause of death worldwide. Fortunately, rates of stomach cancer in the United States are falling.Stomach cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells form in the tissues of the stomach. Stomach cancer is often called gastric cancer.
The stomach is a J-shaped organ in the upper abdomen. It is part of the digestive system, which processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste material out of the body. At Fox Chase, we draw upon the nationally-recognized experience of our multidisciplinary medical team to make individualized decisions for your type and stage of stomach cancer.Stomach cancer is the fifth most common cancer around the world and is the third leading cause of cancer.
Risk of disease
Infections are known to increase the risk of stomach cancer. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, carcinogen-rich diet and advanced age.
- Presence of H. Pylori: These stomach-dwelling bacteria can be with antibiotics. While not everyone who develops stomach cancer has H. Pylori bacteria, those who do may be at increased risk.
- Gender: Men are more likely than women to develop stomach cancer.
- Having Heliobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach
- Having chronic gastritis, pernicious anemia, intestinal metaplasia, or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
- Being male.
- Being older or male.
- Smoking cigarettes.
- Having a mother, father, sister, or brother who has had stomach cancer.
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods
- A diet low in fruits and vegetables
- Family history of stomach cancer
The risk factors for stomach cancer include:
- Age: over 50
- Gender: twice as common in men
- Geography: Japan, Korea, parts of Eastern Europe, and Latin America experience higher rates
- People with multiple relatives with some type of cancer
- People who have been diagnosed colon polyps or colon cancer or another gastrointestinal cancer at an early age
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that is usually found in humans. Typically, these bacteria do not cause illness; they are found in two thirds of the world’s population.
Treatment of Stomach cancer
Docrates Cancer Center specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up care of cancer. Located in Finland’s capital city, Helsinki, this state-of-the-art hospital is conveniently located offering direct access from major cities. An appointment with a specialist is arranged within just a few days, which also means that the treatment can begin without delay – a vitally important factor in cancer treatment.
Surgery: After diagnosing your stomach cancer, and determining that it has not spread to other organs, your surgical oncologist will likely recommend that you have surgery.
Chemotherapy: Major studies suggest that chemotherapy either with or without radiation may add to the benefits of surgery.
Post-surgical Care: Your team will monitor your progress every three months for the first two years following stomach cancer surgery.
- The stage of the cancer (whether it is in the stomach only or has spread to lymph nodes or other places in the body).
- The patient’s general health.
Huntsman Cancer Institute’s Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancers Program provides comprehensive, compassionate, state-of-the-art care for cancers of the digestive system.Currently, all curative treatments for gastric cancer involve surgery (surgical resection of the cancer). The smallest amount of surgery that is possible while still taking out all of the cancer is what is normally performed.
Treatment by stage for stomach cancer
Early-stage diagnosis of stomach cancer is rare. But if you are diagnosed with stage 0 or I, surgery will likely be your only form of treatment.
Cancer isn’t a single disease. The term cancer encompasses more than 200 diseases all characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of cells.
Brain & Spinal Tumors
Brain & Spinal Tumors, Metastatic
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Yellowing of the eyes and skin, also called jaundice
- Buildup of fluid in the abdomen, also called ascites
- Blood in the stool
- Nausea and vomiting
- Weight loss for no known reason
- Stomach pain
- Feeling full after a large meal, which is more likely if the cancer is blocking the region where the stomach empties into the intestines
- Pain, which may suggest peptic ulcer
- Loss of weight or strength due to not getting enough nutrients
Blood and Stool Tests
Looks for the presence of substances that may indicate cancer.
- City Scan