How does the THYROID affect the Body?

thyroid image

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is a gland in the neck, near the base of the throat.The gland makes hormones that help control many of the body’s metabolic processes, such as heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight.Your gland is the main organ in the body that can absorb iodine. The thyroid takes iodine from your diet and converts it into  hormones.


Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, just above your collarbone. It is one of your endocrine glands, which make hormones.

Hormones control the rate of many activities in your body. These include how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. All of these activities are your body’s metabolism.


What Are the Symptoms of a Thyroid Disorder?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck that produces hormones that control how your body uses energy and a lot of other things, like body temperature and weight. When your thyroid is underactive (hypothyroidism), your symptoms might include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Fuzzy thinking
  • Low blood pressure
  • Bloating
  • Depression
  • Slow reflexes

 Eye Disease

Eye disease causes the muscles and soft tissues within the eye socket to swell. This pushes the eyeball forward and causes various eye symptoms, including bulging eyes. Treatment involves steps to protect the eye as the disease runs its course. This may involve use of artificial lubricating tears, medicines and, in some cases, surgery. Eye disease is usually associated with an abnormality of  gland function. This also needs to be treated.


Treatment during the active stage

During the active stage of TED treatments are aimed at improving your symptoms and protecting your eyes while the condition runs its course.

Most commonly, this involves treating dry eyes or double vision. Symptoms of dry eye can be managed with artificial tear eye drops, and double vision may be managed with prisms or occlusion (covering one eye). For most people, this is all the treatment they will need at this stage and the condition won’t get any more advanced than this.


 Problems include

  • Goiter
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid cancer
  •  Nodules
  • Thyroiditis


Nutritional deficiencies, or other thyroid imbalances are reason for enlargement of thyroid. This enlarged thyroid is known as a goiter.


Hypothyroidism is a disease in which the thyroid gland becomes incapable of producing enough thyroid hormone due improperly developed at birth or thyroid glands surgically removed. One of the most common causes of hypothyroidism is the autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s disease, in which antibodies gradually target the thyroid and destroy its ability to produce thyroid hormone.Weight gain, depression, fatigue etc. due to slow down of metabolism are the main Symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Blood tests

Diagnosis of hypothyroidism is based on your symptoms and the results of blood tests that measure the level of TSH and sometimes the level of the thyroid hormone thyroxine. A low level of thyroxine and high level of TSH indicate an underactive thyroid. That’s because your pituitary produces more TSH in an effort to stimulate your thyroid gland into producing more hormone.

Determining proper dosage may take time

  • Insomnia
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shakiness
  • Increased appetite

Patient involvement

No patients were involved in setting the research question or the outcome measures, nor were they involved in developing plans for design or implementation of the study. No patients were asked to advise on interpretation or writing up of results. There are no plans to disseminate the results of the research to study participants or the relevant patient community.


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