Can you die if you have Tuberculosis?


What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a multi-disciplinary infectious disease, which is a rod-shaped bacteria of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (or TB). TB is the most common cause of death rate associated with infectious disease worldwide (TB may be standing for disease or bacterial cause which causes illness) (approximately 10 million people worldwide were ill with tuberculosis in 2015, and Approximately 1.8 million people died from tuberculosis worldwide in 2015, according to the World Health Organization [WHO].


What are the symptoms of TB?

The person with TB infection will have no symptoms. The person with active TB disease may have any or all of the following symptoms:

A persistent cough
Persistent fatigue
Weight event
loss of appetite
coughing up blood
night sweats

These symptoms can also occur with other diseases, so looking at a health care provider is important and it is important to find out if you have TB. A person with TB disease may feel completely healthy or cough from time to time. If you think that you are in contact with TB, then get TB test.

What causes TB

Tuberculosis is an infection due to bacteria. It spreads through the air – when an infected person laughs a cough, sneezes, etc. However, getting infected with tuberculosis is not easy. Generally, a person has to be close to someone with TB disease for a long time. TB usually spreads between family members, close friends, and people who work or live together. TB is the most easily spread in closed spaces for a long time.

Most cases of inactivated TB infection with active cases of inactive TB infection or people with the poor immune system have previous infections. People with clinically active TB often do not show symptoms and can spread the disease to others.

What are the TB risk factors?

The probability of getting infected with TB germ is the most for those who are in close contact with other infected people.

This also includes:

Family and friends of infected TB disease
Those people who come from areas of the world with high rates of TB
People in high-rate groups of TB transmission, including people with disabilities, injection drug users, and people suffering from HIV infection
Those who work or live in such facilities or institutions which are at high risk for hospitals with Hb, homeless shelters, improvement facilities, nursing homes and residential houses such as TB,
Not everyone infected with TB germ (latent TB) develops therapeutic active TB disease.

To develop active TB disease, people with the highest risk of weak immune systems, including:

Infants and young children whose immune system has not matured
People with chronic conditions like diabetes or kidney disease
People with HIV / AIDS
Organ transplant recipients
Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
People receiving certain treatment for autoimmune disorders like Rheumatoid Arthritis or Crohn’s disease.
TB prevention
If you have been infected with TB, but there is no active TB disease, you may get preventive therapy. This treatment kills those microbes that are not doing any harm yet but can do this in the future. The most common preventive therapy is the daily dose of medicine isoniazid (INH) for 6 to 9 months.

If you take your medicine guided by your healthcare provider, then it can prevent you from developing active TB disease.

There is a vaccine against a TB called BBG, or Bacillus Calmette-Gurin. It is used in many foreign countries where TB is more common. However, this is not often used in the United States because the U.S. There is less chance of getting infected with TB. This TB can also make skin test less accurate. Recent evidence has shown that BCG is effective for reducing the incidence of TB in about half of the population in the population, with a high prevalence of active TB, but is less effective in adults.


Signs and symptoms

Tuberculosis can infect any part of the body but usually occurs in the lungs (known as pulmonary tuberculosis). Extra Lymphari TB occurs when tuberculosis develops outside of the lungs, although extrapulmonary TB can be combined with pulmonary TB.

Common signs and symptoms include fever, cold, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, and fatigue. Important nails can also be clubbing.

Tuberculosis type
Tuberculosis can be symptoms or passive – you may have active tuberculosis with symptoms or disorderly tuberculosis.

In people with disorderly tuberculosis, there are bacteria in their lungs and there is a positive test for the disease, but no symptoms have been experienced so far. People with active tuberculosis experience symptoms and can pass a disease to others; People with secret tuberculosis can not infect others.

People with latent tuberculosis can not develop active tuberculosis, but some will.

How does tuberculosis spread

TB bacteria are raised in the air-breathing air is sneezed or added to the person infected, or even just talked in it. If you breathe the contaminated air, you can contract TB. You can not get through TB:

Drink or eat after someone with TB
Kiss someone with TB
Using the same toothbrush
Physical touching a hand
Coming into contact with clothes, bed sheets, towels or toilets
TB bacteria are raised in the air-breathing air is sneezed or added to the person infected, or even just talked in it. If you breathe the contaminated air, you can contract TB. You can not get through TB:

Drink or eat after someone with TB
Kiss someone with TB
Using the same toothbrush
Physical touching a hand
Coming into contact with clothes, bed sheets, towels or toilets
Importance of tuberculosis
Tuberculosis can be treated with various cocktails to fight bacteria. The treatment contains oral medicines, but there are many pills that should be taken several times throughout the day. Treatment for the disease may require treatment for six months or more.

Untreated, tuberculosis can be very serious, even fatal disease. The more the treatment goes without or if the medicines are not prescribed, the treatment is more difficult, and it can be more fatal.

The lower line is simple: people who come in contact with tuberculosis should be tested, and any person with a positive TB skin test needs urgent and quick treatment to prevent disease and to face serious complications.


The risk

Many factors make people more sensitive to TB infection. The most important risk factor in the world is HIV; 13% of all people with TB are infected with viruses. This is a special problem in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV rates are high. Without HIV, people who are infected with tuberculosis develop approximately 5-10% of active illness during their lifetime, on the contrary, 30% of infected HIV develops active disease.

Tuberculosis is closely related to both susceptible and malnutrition, making it one of the major diseases of poverty. People with high risk include: Those who inject injuries to illegal drugs, residents and local people where weaker people gather (such as prison and homeless shelter), medically deprived and resource-poor communities, high-risk Ethnic minorities, children in the near-contact with children, patients from the school category, and health care providers who serve these patients

Chronic lung disease is another important risk factor. Silicosis increases the risk by 30 times. Those who smoke cigarettes, the risk of TB is almost twice as high as those of non-smokers.

When coughing, sneezing, speaking, singing or spitting of active pulmonary TB, they remove infectious aerosol droplets in 0.5 to 5.0 microns. A sneezing can continue up to 40,000 drops. Each of these drops can transmit the disease because the infectious dose of tuberculosis is very small (less than 10 bacteria can be inhaled by inhalation).

M. Approximately 90% of people infected with tuberculosis are latent, latent TB infections (sometimes called LTBI), only 10% of the lifetime chance that the secretive infection will progress to progress from active tuberculosis disease. In people with HIV, the risk of developing active TB increases by around 10% annually. If effective treatment is not given, then the mortality rate for active TB cases is 66%.

Diagnosis of active tuberculosis based on signs and symptoms is difficult because the diseases with a weak immune system are diagnosed. However, the diagnosis of TB should be considered in people with lung disease or symptoms of constitutional symptoms for more than two weeks. A chest X-ray and multiple sputum cultures for acid-fast basil are usually part of the initial assessment. Interferon-γ release assays and tuberculin skin tests are of little use in the developing world. Interferon-gamma release assays (IGRA) have similar limitations in people with HIV.

A definitive diagnosis of TB is. Tuberculosis is identified in clinical samples (for example, sputum, pulse, or a tissue biopsy). However, for this slow-moving organisms, it can take two to six weeks for blood or sperm culture in tough culture process. Thus, the treatment often begins before the cultures are confirmed.

Treatment of TB uses antibiotics to kill bacteria. Effective TB treatment is difficult, due to the abnormal structure and chemical composition of the mycobacterial cell wall, which inhibits the entry of medicines and makes many antibiotics ineffective. Two commonly used antibiotics are isoniazid and rifampicin, and for several months the treatment can be extended for a long time. Letter TB treatment can employ one or two antibiotics. The antibiotic resistance of active TB disease is best treated with a combination of many antibiotics to reduce the risk of bacterial growth. People with covert infection are treated to prevent further progress in active TB disease in life.

Recurring illness
If tuberculosis repeats, to determine which antibiotics are sensitive, it is important to determine the treatment. If many drug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) is detected, treatment with at least four effective antibiotics is done for 18 to 24 months.

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