What is hepatomegaly?
While hepatomegaly is always the cause of medical evaluation, but all the underlying conditions are not considered medical emergencies. If you have signs of a large liver or signs, then make an appointment with your doctor.
There is a large liver in hepatomegaly. Your liver is the largest internal organ. It helps your body:
- Digestion fat
- Store sugar as glycogen
- Fight with infection
- Production of proteins and hormones
- Control blood clots
- Break the medicines and toxins
The liver is also the only internal organs that can increase back after surgery, allowing live hepatic charity. If you donate a part of your liver, then it will be reproduced in its original size. The implanted part will also grow.
If you have a large liver, it can mean that you have:
- A liver disease
- Cancer, such as leukaemia
- A genetic illness
- Heart and blood vessels abnormalities
- An infection
- Toxic poisoning
Many symptoms caused by hepatomegaly may be able to work your liver and help your body.
What are the symptoms and symptoms of hepatomegaly?
A large liver in itself may not have any symptoms. But if a medical condition is causing your growing liver, then you may experience severe symptoms such as:
- Yellowing, or yellowing of skin and eyes
- Muscle aches
- Abdominal pain or mass
Any of these symptoms require assessment by your doctor.
What are the reasons for hepatomegaly?
Hepatomegaly is often an indication that the tissue inside the liver is not functioning properly. Taking some medicines, such as amiodarone and statin, can cause liver injury.
Common causes include:
- Metastatic cancer, or cancer that starts in other organs and spreads to the liver
- Creating fat in your liver due to Alcohol Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), or Alcohol
- Heart and blood vessels abnormalities, or conditions that block nerves or carry blood
- Liver cancer, or cancer that grows within the liver
- Liver damage and marking due to toxic substances like cirrhosis, or alcohol
Conservative heart failure can take blood back into hepatic veins. These are veins that help in removing blood from the liver. When they will back up, the liver will grow and grow bigger. It is called infectious hepatomegaly.
The less common reasons for hepatomegaly include:
- Lymphoma, or blood cancer in the lymphatic system
- Leukaemia, or bone marrow a type of blood cancer
- A type of blood cancer specific to many myelomas, or bone marrow-plasma plasma cells
- Iron production in hemochromatosis, or liver
- Wilson’s disease, or the manufacture of copper in the liver
- Gaucher’s disease, or a disorder that produces fatty substances in the liver
Some infections and some medical conditions can cause development within your liver. The increase in the liver can be benign (not cancerous) or lethal (cancer). Generally, any increase causes your liver to grow in shape.
What are the risk factors for hepatomegaly?
Some people are more at risk for genetical hepatomegaly. If there is a history of you or your family, then you may be at greater risk:
- Autoimmune disorders, especially those that affect the liver
- Abdominal pain
- Chronic liver disease
- liver cancer
- Sickle cell disease
If you have concerns about your risks for hepatomegaly, talk to your doctor for more information. Always tell your doctor about any over-the-counter or herbal supplements that you are taking.
How will your doctor diagnose hepatomegaly?
Your liver is a triangular organ. It is located at the bottom of your diaphragm, below the bottom edge of your right ribcage. If your doctor can feel during the physical examination you may have a large liver. A typical liver cannot be felt with your fingertips.
Naturally, your liver size and weight increases with age. For children, the liver is usually measured with its density – from its thickest to top to bottom. The adult liver is measured by the length.
The average liver size varies according to age and can be:
- 6.4 cm for 1 cm
- 7.6 cm for 4-9 months
- 8.5 cm for 1-5 years
- 10.5 cm for 5-11 years
- 11.5-12.1 cm for 12-16 years
- 13.5 cm for adult women, +/- 1.7 cm
- 14.5 cm for adult males, +/- 1.6 cm
If a doctor suspects a more serious condition then he can recommend a liver biopsy. A liver biopsy is a surgical trial where your doctor takes a small sample of your liver for microscopic examination.
What are the treatments for hepatomegaly?
Your treatment options depend on the underlying disorders that cause an increase in your liver. Some of the treatments suggested by your doctor may include:
- Medications and treatments for infection like liver failure or hepatitis C
- Chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation for liver cancer
- A liver transplant for liver damage
- Treatment of Source for Metastatic Cancer
- Depending on the type of treatment, type, spread, and your general health for lymphoma or leukaemia.
Once your doctor confirms hepatomegaly, they will usually recommend a change in lifestyle for your liver health. Contains:
- Avoid Drinking Alcohol
- Are eating a healthy diet
- Joining regular exercise
What is the attitude for this situation?
Recovery and reduction in symptoms depend on the underlying cause of your hepatomegaly. If your doctor searches hepatomegaly in the early stages, you may have a better result. Medicines are available to reduce the symptoms of contraction heart failure and liver failure.
How can you stop hepatomegaly?
There are many lifestyle factors that can cause hepatomegaly. Management of these factors can reduce your risk for an enlarged liver.
Here are some things you can do:
- Follow the healthy lifestyle and maintain healthy weight.
- If you have diabetes, then manage your blood glucose.
- Limit consumption of alcohol or do not drink at all. Your doctor will tell you whether your intake is excessive or not.
- Talk to your doctor before taking vitamin supplements because they can talk to your liver.
What are the next steps after hepatomegaly diagnosis?
The possibility of feeling a large liver is impossible. But because of the loss of your liver can accumulate fluid in your stomach, you can see that your stomach sticks more than usual.
You may also experience other symptoms such as junk, lack of appetite, and stomach pain. If you think you may have symptoms or symptoms of hepatomegaly then make an appointment with the doctor.