What is the liver?
Your liver is the largest solid organ in your body. On average, it weighs about 3 pounds in adulthood and is roughly the size of a football. This organ is important for the body’s metabolic functions and the immune system. Without a working liver, a person can not survive.
What is the structure of the liver?
The liver is a half moon shape, which is directly below the bottom. It is slightly tilted in the cavity of the body, along with the left side of the abdomen and the right part on the first part of the small intestine.
There are two main parts or lobes in the liver. Each lobe is further divided into eight sections. There are an estimated 1,000 lobules or small lobes in each section. Each of these lobules has a small tube (tube) that flows towards the common hepatic tube.
What is the purpose of the liver?
The main functions of the liver are in the metabolic processes of the body. Contains:
- Extract energy
Making the body less harmful to the toxins and removing them from the bloodstream.
The liver portal does this by receiving blood with nutrients from the digestive organs through the nerves known as the vein.
Many liver cells are known as hepatocytes, accept this blood and filter. They work as a small sorting centre, determine:
In the liver, minerals like minerals and copper are stored as well as vitamins, if they require the body then leave them. The liver also helps in breaking the fat in a person’s diet. It either stores fat or releases them as energy.
The liver also breaks the protein. The sub-product of this process is called ammonia, which can be very large toxic to the body. The liver turns toxic ammonia into a substance called urea. The liver leaves it in the blood where the kidneys carry it out through the urine.
The liver breaks the alcohol in the blood as well as takes many medicines as well.
As these functions were not enough, the liver also plays a major role in the following:
The immune system creates factors that can fight against infection
Creating protein responsible for blood clotting
Breaking old and damaged red blood cells
Extra Blood Sugar Storage in the form of Glycogen
Keeping these factors in mind, it is easy to see how important the liver is for a person’s health.
How does liver regenerate?
The liver is actually a wonderful organ that has the capacity for rebirth. This means that after injury or surgery to remove the tissue, the liver tissue can increase to some extent. As the existing cells grow, the liver starts moving back. Then, new liver cells begin to multiply.
What diseases can develop in the liver?
There are several types of diseases which can affect the liver and its functions. There are some successful treatments while others do not. Examples of common situations affecting the liver include:
This condition causes the body’s immune system to attack and destroy healthy liver tissue. Autotune hepatitis can cause cirrhosis and other liver damage.
Billary Atresia is a condition that adversely affects a person’s bile ducts and bile flow when having a baby. If the treatment is not done, then the condition can spoil the liver and affect the liver tissue. Fortunately, the treatment is available for this situation.
Cirrhosis is a condition where scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue. Cirrhosis may occur in many situations. These include long-term excessive alcohol use, chronic hepatitis, or rare genetic disorders such as Wilson’s disease.
This condition causes the body to be more than iron. Too much iron can damage the liver.
Viral hepatitis refers to a viral infection that causes liver swelling. Hepatitis types contain different letters, including A, B, C, D, and E. Each has different reasons and seriousness.
Hepatitis A is more common in developing countries in which there is a shortage of clean drinking water and poor sanitation system. Most people may be cured of hepatitis A without liver failure or long-term complications.
Hepatitis B can cause a short or long-term infection. In American adults, the illness usually spreads through sexual contact. However, a person can also get it through sharing the needle or by accidentally injected with a contaminated needle.
Hepatitis C can be an acute or chronic infection. It usually spreads when exposed to Hepatitis C virus-related blood, such as through injecting unclean needles to inject drugs or to tattoo. Less commonly, unsafe sexual contact can also transmit infection with the infected person. This condition can cause swelling, which can cause cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer.
Symptoms of the liver condition
There are more than 100 types of liver diseases. Many conditions start in the form of flu-like symptoms and progress to more serious signs of liver damage such as liver and black urine.
Other symptoms of liver problems include:
- loss of appetite
- Joint pain
- Stomach discomfort or pain
- Abnormal blood vessels (spider angiomas) on the skin
- Itchy skin
- A low sex drive
More serious symptoms include:
- Skin and jaundice of eyes (jaundice)
- Confusion and difficulty in thinking clearly
- Inflammation of the feet (edema)
- Gynecomastia (when men begin to develop breast tissue)
- Extended liver (hepatomegaly)
- Dark urine
- Yellow stools
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, see your doctor right away.