What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis refers to the state of swelling of the liver. This is usually due to a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include the presence of autonomic hepatitis and hepatitis, which occurs as a secondary result of medicines, medicines, toxic substances and alcohol. An autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body creates antibodies against your liver tissue.
Your liver is located in the upper right area of your stomach. It performs many important functions that affect the metabolism in your body, including the following:
- Bile production, which is essential for digestion
- Filtering toxins from your body
- Bilirubin immersion (a product of broken red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and medicines
- Breakdown of carbohydrate, fat, and protein
- Activation of enzymes, essential proteins required for body functions
- Storage of glycogen (a form of sugar), minerals, and vitamins (A, D, E, and K).
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 4.4 million Americans are currently living with chronic hepatitis B and C. Many people do not even know that they have hepatitis.
Treatment options vary depending on which type of hepatitis you have. You can stop some forms of hepatitis through vaccination and lifestyle precautions.
5 types of viral hepatitis
Viral infections classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is responsible for each type of viral-controlled hepatitis.
Hepatitis A is always an acute short-term illness, while Hepatitis B, C, and D are likely to be chronic and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous for pregnant women.
Hepatitis A is caused by infection with Hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is usually transmitted by the person infected with hepatitis A by consuming contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal discharge, or semen, hepatitis B virus (HBV). The use of injection medication, having sex with an infected partner or sharing with the infected person increases the risk of receiving hepatitis B.
Hepatitis C comes from the Hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with the infected body fluid, usually through injection drug use and sexual intercourse. HCV is one of the most common blood pressure in the United States of viral infections. About 2.7 to 3.9 million Americans are currently living in the old form of this infection.
Delta-hepatitis is also known to be a serious liver disease due to hepatitis D hepatitis D virus (HDV). HDV is contracted through infected blood directly through contact. Hepatitis is a rare form of Hepatitis that occurs only with the combination of hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis D virus can not multiply without the presence of Hepatitis B. This is very unusual in the United States.
Hepatitis E. Hepatitis E Virus (HVV) is a disease of water. Hepatitis E is mainly found in areas of poor hygiene and usually results in taking a ficulose substance that contaminates the water supply. This disease is uncommon in the United States. However, according to the CDC, cases of Hepatitis E have been reported in the Middle East, Asia, Central America and Africa.
Reasons for Noninfectious Hepatitis
Alcohol and Other Toxic Substances
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver damage and swelling. It is sometimes known as a drug hepatitis. Alcohol directly injures your liver cells. Over time, it can cause permanent damage and the liver thickness and scarring can cause liver failure and cirrhosis.
Autumn system response
In some cases, the immune system causes the liver as a harmful substance and starts attacking it. It causes ongoing inflammation which can happen from light to severe, often hindering the liver function. It is three times more common than men in men.
Common Symptoms of Hepatitis
If you have infectious forms of hepatitis which are outdated, such as hepatitis B and C, then you may not have symptoms in the beginning. Symptoms cannot be done until the damage does not affect the liver function.
Symptoms and symptoms of acute hepatitis are visible early. they include:
- Flu-like symptoms
- Dark urine
- Yellow stool
- Stomach ache
How Hepatitis is Diagnosed
To diagnose hepatitis, first of all, your doctor will take your history to determine your risk factors for infections or non-infected hepatitis.
History and Physical Examination
During physical examinations, your doctor can slowly pressurize on your stomach to see pain or tenderness. Your doctor can also see if your liver has grown or not. If your skin or eyes are yellow, then your doctor will pay attention during the exam.
Liver Function Tests
Liver function tests use blood samples to determine how efficient your liver works. Unusual results of these tests can be the first sign that there is a problem, especially if you do not show any signs in the physical examination of the liver disease.
Other Blood Tests
If your liver function tests are abnormal, then your doctor will order other blood tests to detect the source of the problem. These tests can test the virus which causes hepatitis.
An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of your stomach organs. This test allows your doctor to be closer to your liver and its surrounding organs. It can appear:
- Fluid in your stomach
- Liver damage or increase
- A liver tumour
- Abnormalities of your gallbladder
- liver biopsy
A liver biopsy is an aggressive process in which your doctor involves taking a tissue sample from your liver. It can be done with a needle through your skin and surgery is not required. Generally, ultrasound is used to guide your doctor while taking a biopsy sample.
This test allows your doctor to determine how the infection or inflammation has affected your liver. It can also be used to sample any area in your liver that appears unusual.